The three main ways people are trafficked are through means called force, fraud and coercion.
The Office of Trafficking in Persons defines:
Force as physical restraint, physical harm, sexual assault… (and beatings and sometimes includes monitoring and confinement)…This is typically what people think of when they hear the word ‘trafficking’ .
Fraud includes false promises regarding employment, wages, working conditions, love, marriage, or better life. Over time, there may be unexpected changes in work conditions, compensation or debt agreements, or in the nature of the relationship – like being told they need to pay back a debt before they can go free.
Coercion is defined as threats of serious harm to or physical restraint against any person. A pattern intended to cause a person to believe that failure to perform an act would result in serious harm to or physical restraint against any person (themselves or a loved one).